Cash on Cash Return Calculator
This calculator can be used to help determine the cash on cash return in commercial real estate financing.
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Cash-on-cash return is a useful metric in evaluating the profitability of a commercial real estate investment. Use our calculator below, and read on for more information about this important figure.
How to Use the Cash-on-Cash Return Calculator
There are two basic figures that are important in the calculation of cash-on-cash return. The cash-on-cash return formula only requires the value of the investor’s cash investment and the annual income of the investment property. The expected first year of annual income of the target property must be carefully determined prior to using the calculator: This figure should include rental income, parking, other due payments, and so on. Once that figure is determined, the expenses of the investment should be summed up as well. Expenses should include:
Interest on the loan
Repair or rehabilitation costs
Bank loan costs
Seller concessions (including but not limited to utilities, property taxes, insurance, and any other additional costs during the vacancy period)
With annual income and expenses calculated, your cash-on-cash return can be easily found by inputting those figures into the cash-on-cash return calculator.
Cash-on-Cash Return Formula
Cash-on-Cash Return = Annual Before-Tax Cash Flow ÷ Total Cash invested
A relatively simple calculation, an investor can find out their cash-on-cash return by taking the pre-tax cash flow (determined using the income and expense calculations for a property) and dividing that figure by the total amount of cash invested. The resulting figure is the cash-on-cash return.
Understanding Your Cash-on-Cash Return
Understanding the cash-on-cash return metric is incredibly useful to any commercial real estate investor. First and foremost, cash-on-cash return helps evaluate the profitability of a potential investment.
It’s beneficial to remember that the calculation does have some limitations. For example, properties undergoing extensive and lengthy renovations or rehabilitations can lead to significant challenges when doing the calculations. Additionally, expenses like down payments, closing costs, and even the compensation of contractors are typically made at various times throughout the acquisition and ownership of an apartment property.
Some other potential variables that can affect the cash-on-cash return include:
- Borrower Tax Profile
- Appreciation or depreciation of the property
- Associated risk with the rental property
Cash-on-Cash Return (CoC) vs. Return on Investment (ROI)
The cash-on-cash return is almost always compared to the return on investment metric. The key difference between cash-on-cash return and ROI is the inclusion of debt. The calculation of cash-on-cash return exclusively determines the profits relative to paid investment costs. ROI calculations takes loans, appreciation, tax benefits, and many more variables into account, which may make it less relevant for the purposes of comparing commercial property investments.